"The single factor most responsible for putting children at risk for mental health problems is peer rejection"
Is there a definition of bullying?
- Bullying occurs when an individual is the target of any behavior that is meant to harm, is repeated over time, and is characterized by an imbalance of strength or power
- There are four types of bullying behavior:
- hitting, kicking, or shoving
- teasing or name-calling
- rumor starting
- leaving someone out on purpose
- Incidents of bullying may be defined as gaining control over another through the use of force, threats, teasing, or exclusion
- Bullying victims are characterized as individuals who experience such incidents three or more times in a 30- day period
What are the effects of bullying?
- The effects of Bullying are Systemic
- perpetrators, victims, and those who witness bullying suffer from the effects
- for victims, symptoms include heightened anxiety, depression, and lower sense of self-worth, in addition to chronic absenteeism, reduced academic performance, increased apprehension, loneliness, abandonment from peers, and suicide
- bullying behavior has been correlated with fighting, alcohol abuse, smoking, loneliness, abandonment from peers, and suicide
What interventions work?
Effective programs are comprehensive, targeting students, families, and the community
- attending to the needs of victims is as important as intervening with bullies
- programs addressing bullying should include realistic presentations of bullying situations, role-play, and follow-up discussions
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